The type of CP depends on which area of the brain is most
affected. There are 3 types of CP:
Spastic CP - this is the most common form of
CP. "Spastic" means "stiff" and people with this type of CP
have tightness or stiffness and weakness in some muscles.
This causes degrees of difficulty in moving the body, which
may be mild or severe.
Ataxic or hypertonic CP - people with ataxic CP
experience problems with balance and co-ordination. This is
due to difficulty in controlling movements of the trunk, head, legs
Dyskinetic cerebral palsy
(dyskinesia) - Sometimes referred to as
dystonic, athetoid or coreoathetoid CP. Present in about 15% of
people with CP. People with dyskinetic cerebral palsy experience
uncontrolled, involuntary sustained or intermittent muscle
contractions as the tone of the muscle can change from floppy and
loose (hypotonia) to tight with slow, rhythmic twisting movements.
The whole body can be affected resulting in difficulties
maintaining an upright position. Speech can be hard to understand
as there may be difficulty controlling the tongue, breathing and